Demagnetization of permanet Magnets

A permanent magnet can lose some or all of its magnetic field under certain circumstances. When a permanent magnet is magnetized, its magnetic domains are aligned. Sure circumstances could cause the domains to lose this alignment; thereby aligning randomly. This may trigger the magnet to both have misplaced some or all of its magnetic area.

Thermal demagnetization

The first methodology for intentionally de-magnetizing magnets is by heating them. Each magnetic materials has an attribute temperature generally known as the Curie Temperature. At this temperature, the thermal agitations apply extra pressure than the resistance of the magnetic domains to motion and the domains of the magnet randomize. After the fabric reaches the Curie temperature all through its bulk, it is going to present just about no web magnetization and may be handled as virgin materials.

Within the case of samarium-cobalt permanent magnets, there may be an extra issue to think about. The Curie temperature of most samarium-cobalt magnets is on the order of 700-800C (1300-1500C). At these temperatures, the material itself will have a tendency to break down magnetically. After this course of, the fabric’s efficiency shall be considerably degraded. Subsequently, it’s typically thought-about impractical to de-magnetize samarium-cobalt magnets.

Magnetic area results

A magnet may be partially demagnetized primarily based on the magnetic load positioned upon it. This impact is often studied by wanting on the second quadrant of the hysteresis curve of the magnetic materials, additionally known as the demagnetization curve. Sometimes, that is the one part of the hysteresis curve that’s reported for tough magnetic materials. This curve reveals the response of the magnets delivered flux into the house round it (B) to the demagnetizing pressure (H) imposed on the magnet. To evaluate the efficiency of the magnet materials in a given state of affairs, the person ought to calculate the ratio of B/H (taking care to make sure the conformity of items). As soon as this ratio is calculated a line is superimposed on the demagnetization curve, as beneath for a B/H ratio of 0.8 (be aware that the illustration exhibits four demagnetization curves to replicate totally different working temperatures):


The curve of curiosity that we’re evaluating our blue line to is the diagonal purple line, the demagnetization curve. Discover that every of the diagonal traces has a bend in it, colloquially known as the need within the curve. If the blue line, which reveals the working situation of the magnet crosses above the knee within the curve, then the magnet is working in its protected linear area and will carry out as anticipated. If the magnet load line is beneath the knee on the curve, the magnet will develop into demagnetized and broken. It is usually vital to note that the knee will get increased with growing temperatures, which displays the fabric growing vulnerability to demagnetization at increased T.


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