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Energy Explained Simply

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Energy, it is fair to say, is a very vague concept. So where does one go to learn more? Does one have to take a physics course? I don’t think so, and to test my theory, I have tried to explain energy as briefly as I can, right here.

Energy 101

Energy is what makes the world go round. Literally. Every neuron that sparks in your brain, every electron that fires down a wire, every molecule burning in a fire, carries with it a sort of momentum that it passes on like a baton in a complex relay race. The batons are flooding in all directions all around us and across the universe – they are energy and we have learned how to harness them.

The actual word “Energy” is a much abused term nowadays – because energy is used to represent such a disparate range of phenomena from heat to light to speed to weight, and because it seems to be able to change forms so readily, it is cannon fodder for pseudo-scientific and spiritual interpretation. However, you will be pleased to hear that it actually has a very clear (and consistent) nature.

I like to think of energy being a bit like money – it is a sort of currency that can be traded. It takes on various forms (dollars/pounds/Swiss francs) and can be eventually cashed in to achieve something. However, just like money, once spent, it does not vanish. It simply moves on a new chapter in its life and may be reused indefinitely.

To illustrate the point, let’s follow a ‘unit of energy’ through a visit to planet Earth to see what I mean. The [number] shows every time it changes currency (see the key below).

The energy in our story starts off tied up in hydrogen atoms in the sun [1]. Suddenly, due to the immense pressure and heat, the nuclei of several atoms react to form a brand new helium atom, and a burst of radiation[2] is released. The radiation smashes into other nearby atoms heating them up so hot [4] that they glow, sending light [2] off into space. Several minutes pass in silence before the light bursts through the atmosphere and plunges down to the rainforest hitting a leaf. In the leaf the burst of power smashes a molecule of carbon dioxide and helps free the carbon to make food for the plant [3]. The plant may be eaten (giving food ‘Calories’), or may fall to the ground and settle and age for millions of years turning perhaps to coal. That coal may be dug up and burned to give heat [4] in a power station, boiling water to supply compressed steam [5] that may drive a turbine [6] which may be used to generate electricity [7] which we may then use in our homes to heat/light/move/cook or perhaps to recharge our mobile phone [3]. That energy will then be used to transmit microwaves when you make a call [2] which will mostly dissipate into the environment heating it (very) slightly [4]. Eventually the warmed earth radiates [2] this excess of heat off into the void where perhaps it will have another life…

Energy currencies:

[1] Matter is energy, according the Einstein, and the quantity relates to mass according to E=mc^2 (c is a constant equal to the speed of light).

[2] Radiation (like sunlight) is a flow of energy, and energy content relates the frequency according to E=hf (h is the Planck constant).

[3] Chemical energy – the most complex energy, a mixture of different tensions in nuclear and electromagnetic force fields.

[4] Thermal (heat) energy- this is really just a sneaky form of kinetic energy [6 below] – small particles moving and vibrating fast are sensed by us as heat.

[5] Compression (or tension) energy – while compressed air is again a sneaky form of kinetic energy

[6], a compressed spring is different – it’s energy is more like chemical energy and is stored by creating tension in the force fields present in nature (gravity, electromagnetism and nuclear forces).

[6] Kinetic energy – is energy by virtue of movement (like a speeding bullet or unstoppable train)

[7] Electrical energy – this energy, like a compressed spring, is stored as stress in force fields, in this case electromagnetic force-fields.

This short story is testament to an enormous quantity of learning by our species, but there are some clear exclusions to be read into the story:

  • Energy fields (auras) or the energy lines in the body that conduct the “chi” (or life force) of Asian medical tradition
  • Energy lines on the Earth (aka Ley lines)
  • Negative or positive energy (as in positive or negative “vibes”)

These energy currencies relate to theories and beliefs that science has been unable to verify and thus they have no known “exchange rate”. Asking how many light bulbs can you power with your Chi is thus a nonsensical question, whereas it would not be for any scientifically supported form of energy. And since energy flows account for all actions in the universe, not being exchangeable would be rather limiting.

Where exactly is Energy kept?

This may sound like s strange question, we know Energy is kept in batteries, petrol tanks and chocolate chip cookies. But the question is, where exactly is it stored in those things?

Energy is stored in several ways:

  • as movement – any mass moving has energy by virtue of the movement, which is called Kinetic Energy
  • as matter – Einstein figured out that matter is just a form of energy, and the exchange rate is amazing – 1g = 90,000,000,000,000,000 joules (from E=mc^2)
  • as tension in force fields

That last one sounds a bit cryptic, but actually most of the energy we use is in this form – petrol, food, batteries and even a raised hammer all store energy in what are essentially compressed (or stretched springs).

What is a force field? Why on earth did I have to bring that up?

All of space (even the interstellar vacuum) is permeated by force fields. The one we all know best is gravity – we know that if we lift a weight, we have to exert effort and that effort is then stored in that weight and can be recovered later by dropping it on your foot.

Gravity is only one of several force fields known to science. Magnetic fields are very similar – it takes energy to pull a magnet off the fridge, and so it is actually an energy store when kept away from the fridge.

The next force field is that created by electric charge (the electric field). For many years this was though to be a field all on its own but a chap called James Clerk Maxwell realised that electric fields and magnetic fields are in some senses two sides of the same coin, so physicists now talk of ‘electromagnetic’ fields. It turns out that electric energy (such as that stored in a capacitor) consists of tensions in this field, much like a raised weight is a tension in a gravity field. Perhaps surprisingly, light (as well as radio waves, microwaves and x-rays) are also energy stored in fluctuations of an energy field.

Much chemical energy is also stored in electric fields – for example, most atoms consist of positively charged nuclei and negatively charged electrons, and the further apart they are kept, the more energy they hold, just liked raised weights. As an electron is allowed to get closer to the nucleus, energy is released (generally as radiation, such as light – thus hot things glow).

The least well known force field is the strong ‘nuclear’ force. This is the forces that holds the subatomic particles (protons) together in the nucleus of atoms. Since the protons are all positively charged, they should want to repel each other, but something is keeping them at bay, and so physicists have inferred this force field must exist. It turns out their theory holds water, because if you can drag these protons a little bit apart, they will suddenly fly off with gusto. The strong nuclear force turns out to be bloody strong, but only works over a tiny distance. It rarely affects us as we rarely store energy with this energy field.

Now we understand force fields we can look at how molecules (petrol, oxygen, chocolate) store energy. All molecules are made of atoms connected to one other via various ‘bonds’ and these bonds are like springs. Different types of molecules have different amount of tension in these bonds – it turns out coal molecules, created millions of years ago with energy from the sun, are crammed full of tense bonds that are dying to re-arrange to more relaxed configurations, which is exactly what happens when we apply oxygen and the little heat to start the reaction.

The complexity of the tensions in molecules are perhaps the most amazing in nature, as it is their re-arrangements that fuel life as we know it.

What exactly is Heat then?

You may have noticed that I did not include heat as a form of energy store above. But surely hot things are an energy store?

Yes, they are, but heat is actually just a sort of illusion. We use heat as a catch all term to describe the kinetic energy of the molecules and atoms. If you have a bottle of air, the temperature of the air is a direct consequence of the average speed of the molecules of gas jetting around bashing into one another.

As you heat the air, you are actually just increasing the speed of particles. If you compress the air, you may not increase their speed, but you will have more particles in the same volume, which also ‘feels’ hotter.

Solids are a little different – the atoms and molecules in solids do not have the freedom to fly around, so instead, they vibrate. It is like each molecule is constrained by elastic bands pulling in all directions. If the molecule is still, it is cold, but if it is bouncing around like a pinball, then it has kinetic energy, and feels hotter.

You can see from this viewpoint, that to talk of the temperature of an atom, or of a vacuum, is meaningless, because temperature is a macroscopic property of matter. On the other hand, you could technically argue that a flying bullet is red hot because it has so much kinetic energy…

Is Energy Reusable?

We as a species, have learned how to tap into flows of energy to get them to do our bidding. So big question: Will we use it all up?

Scientists have found that energy is pretty much indestructible – it is never “used-up”, it merely flows from one form into another. The problem is thus not that we will run out, but that we might foolishly convert it all into some unusable form.

Electricity is an example of really useful energy – we have machines that convert electricity into almost anything, whereas heat is only useful if you are cold, and light is only useful if you are in the dark.

Engineers also talk about the quality (or grade) of energy. An engineer would always prefer 1 litre of water 70 degrees warmer than room temperature, than 70 litres of water 1 degree warmer, even though these contain roughly the same embodied energy. You can use the hot water to boil an egg, or make tea, or you could mix it with 69 litres of room temperature water to heat it all by 1 degree. It is more flexible.

Unfortunately, most of the machines we use, turn good energy (electricity, petrol, light) into bad energy (usually “low grade heat”).

Why is low grade heat so bad? It turns out we have no decent machine to convert low grade heat into other forms of energy. In fact we cannot technically convert any forms of heat into energy unless we have something cold to hand which we are also willing to warm up; our machines can thus only extract energy by using hot an cold things together. A steam engine relies just as much on the environment that cools and condenses water vapour as it does on the coal its belly. Power stations rely on their cooling towers as much as their furnaces. It turns out that all our heat machines are stuck in this trap.

So, in summary, heat itself is not useful – it is temperature differences that we know how to harness, and the bigger the better.

This picture of energy lets us think differently about how we interact with energy. We have learned a few key facts:

  1. Energy is not destroyed, and cannot be totally used up – this should give us hope
  2. Energy is harnessed to do our dirty work, but tends to end up stuck in some ‘hard to use’ form

So all we need to do to save ourselves is:

  1. Re-use the same energy over and over
  2. by finding some way to extract energy from low grade heat

Alas, this is a harder nut to crack than fission power, so I am not holding my breath. It turns out that there is another annoying universal law (the Second Law of Thermodynamics) that says that every time energy flows, it will somehow become less useful, like water running downhill. This is because energy can only flow one way: from something hot to something cold – thus once something hot and something cold meet and the temperature evens out, you have forever lost the useful energy you had.

It is as if we had a mountain range and were using avalanches to drive our engines. Not only will our mountains get shorter over time but our valleys will fill up too, and soon we will live on a flat plane and our engines will be silent.

The Big Picture

So the useful energy in the universe is being used up. Should we worry?

Yes and no.

Yes, you should worry because locally we are running out of easy sources of energy and will now have to start using sustainable ones. If we do not ramp up fast enough we will have catastrophic shortages.

No, should should no worry that we will run out, because there are sustainable sources – the sun pumps out so much more than we use, it is virtually limitless.

Oh, and yes again – because burning everything is messing up the chemistry of the atmosphere, which is also likely to cause catastrophe. Good news is that the solution to this is the same – most renewable energy sources do not have this unhappy side effect.

Oh, and in the really long term, yes we should worry again. All the energy in the universe will eventually convert to heat, and the heat will probably spread evenly throughout the universe, and even though all the energy will still be present and accounted for, it would be impossible to use and the universe would basically stop. Pretty dismal, but this is what many physicists believe: we all exist in the eddy currents of heat flows as the universe gradually heads for a luke-warm, and dead, equilibrium.

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If you liked this article, you might like my series on efficient motoring.

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Source by Jarrod Hart

Advantages of Video Borescopes

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The borescope is an optical device featuring a rigid or a flexible tube with an eyepiece on one end, an objective lens on the other linked together by a relay optical system in between. Borescopes are used durin inspections for areas which are impossible to reach by other means. Depending on the tube, borescopes are either rigid or flexible. Rigid borescopes provide better image quality and are also cheaper than flexible models, but the problem with them is that can’t bend or twist so the object must be in a straight line. This makes rigid borescopes suitable for inspecting automotive cylinders, fuel injectors, hydraulic manifold bodies. The whole idea of all borescopes is that they allow you to discover the problem with a given device, without having to completely dismantle it and you can imagine how much time this can save you when you are dealing with an aircraft engine. Flexible borescopes can bend and access cavities with more complicted shapes.

In addition to that, borescopes can have magnifying capabilities to illuminate the work being inspected. The eyepiece of a borescope can be fitted with a coupler lens so that you can connect the borescope to a digital camera and record the images or view them on a large screen.

Special video borescopes have smaller imaging CCD chips replacing borescope optics. flexible video borescope insertion tube, with an articulating tip, houses a small CCD within its tip diameter. The year 2002 marked the introduction of fifth generation system case video borescope with live digital motion capture. Those models have USB fast digital communications port so that you can easily connect it to a PC. They also have a built-in removable storage media (memory card).

Video borescopes allows the viewer to to see more area and more distant or higher magnified detail, as opposed to a limited, cropped, darker traditional borescope optical image. Video borescopes also decrease the eye strain as it is much easier to watch higher resolution images on a big monitor with both eyes. Also, inspectors can record test results and perform instant image analysis and even apply multispectrum imaging, so you cans see wavelengths invisible to the naked eye.

Another thing to consider is that when you connect the borescope to the camera, some functions of the camera might not work properly like the auto focus or exposure features. It’s always a better idea if you can test all those things before you make any purchases. This is because some camera models sense the focus and light level through the lens, while others use external sensing (they will work correctly). To avoid this problem, buy a camera that has manual adjustment of the focus and exposure.

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Source by Steve Gargin

The History of Electricity

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The Beginning of Electricity in America

Benjamin Franklin began experimenting with electricity in America and documented the experiments.  He was able to finance his extensive work by selling off his belongings.  He is known for flying a kite in a storm that had a wet string and a key tied to the end of it.  When he observed sparks leaping from the key to his hand he understood that lightning was a natural form of electricity.

Alessandro Volta of Italy invented the electric cell in 1800, making it easier for scientists to study electricity and its various applications.  When the electric cells are connected together a battery is created.

Alexander Graham Bell is known to have invented the telephone.  Bell’s worked as a teacher for deaf students professionally which explains his fascination with different ways to transmit sounds.  During his experiments with sound transmission he began to use electricity, which eventually led to his success with the telephone.

Thomas Doolittle, a mill worker from Connecticut created the method that was used to create the first hand drawn copper wire that strong enough to use as a telegraph wire.  A man by the name of Michael Faraday discovered that electricity was created when a magnet was passed through ordinary copper wire.  This is the application that is used in America’s power plant to generate electricity that is delivered to customers across the country.  Both the electric generator and are built on this principle.  A generator takes mechanical energy and converts it to electricity.  On the other hand, motors convert electrical energy to mechanical energy.

While Thomas Edison experimented with electricity he was able to invent the electrical light bulb in addition to many other gadgets.  His biggest challenge when creating the light bulb was to find the right material to use for the filament.  He settled on carbon soaked cotton thread.  The carbon was used to prevent the cotton thread from burning.  The thread glowed as the electricity traveled through it.  As soon as the popularity of the light bulb caught on he turned his attention to the development of power plants that would be run the light bulbs.  The first power plant that he built began operating in 1882 and served 85 New York city customers.

A major turning point occurred in 1895.  The power plant that was built by Edison was only capable of transporting power a short distance since it used direct current of DC.  The power was transmitted approximately just one square mile surrounding the power plant.  With the development of alternating current or AC in 1895 the plant was able to transport power over 200 miles from the newly built power plant in Niagara Falls.

Electricity was rather slow to catch on in America.  Many people were excited by the new inventions, but some were afraid of the electrical current and hesitated to have it installed in their houses.  Some people were unable to afford the price of the service.  Electricity was blamed for causing the end of simple living.  Many people felt that electric lights were less romantic than the gas light they were used to.

Many expos and fairs often featured exhibits that displayed the recent inventions that used electricity as their power source.  The 1893 Columbian Exposition that was held in Chicago displayed 5,000 arc lights and 90,000 incandescent lamps.  People that visited the expo had the opportunity to view or ride the different electrified exhibits which included three cranes, several water fountains, a moving sidewalk, elevators and a street car system that was created by General Electric.

The Pan-American Exposition that was held in Buffalo, NY in 1901 used electricity as the theme.  An electric tower that was 400 feet in height, displaying 40,000 lights was featured in addition to the Electricity Building which was home to a huge exhibit of electrical appliances.

Power became accessible by more people as small electrical companies started to spring up around the country.  A number of the smaller companies started to merge together and form large conglomerates, the largest ones being General Electric and Westinghouse.  These two companies started building power plants that were equipped with generators that used fossil fuel combustion and steam to produce electricity.  Other plants were being built that used kinetic power to generate power like water or wind.  Once nuclear power was developed, the power that was released as nuclear reactions occurred was used to create electricity.

The demand for electricity grew by 12% each year for the first thirty years of the twentieth century.  In order to keep up with today’s demand for electricity, renewable resources are being implemented to supply the much needed power.  Many people are using solar power, hydropower and wind power are being put to use in order to meet the demands of consumers and to protect the environment.

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Source by Jerry Dyess

Reed Magnetic Motor – Generates 7 Kilowatts Electricity For Your Home

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What is the Reed Magnetic Motor and how can it generate electricity out of almost nothing? How can you develop your own electricity, just like Troy Reed did?

Troy Reed’s Magnetic Motor

Troy Reed is an inventor from Tulsa, Oklahoma, who in 1989 launched the prototype of his 35 year-long personal project – a 7 kilowatt electricity generator based on magnetic motor technology.

Magnetic motors work by converting the forces due to magnetism (from several strategically placed magnets) into rotary motion. This can then be easily converted into electricity. They do this thanks to an area of fringe physics known as “zero point”. Nikola Tesla, the “grandfather of electricity” and Albert Einstein researched this area extensively.

Troy Reed’s Surge Car

As a showcase of this technology, Reed decided that the best way to show it off would be in the form of one of America’s most loved things – the automobile.

He teamed up with ethical Hollywood actor, Dennis Weaver, to showcase a prototype of a car running with the technology. Videos of it can be seen all over the internet if you search for them.

Unfortunately, the Surge Car was a commercial flop before mass production even started. Nobody really understands why it never became a success but some people think that the project was canned and a major battery manufacturer bought out all of Reed’s technology from him.

How To Create Your Own Reed Magnetic Generator

Wouldn’t it be great to have your own magnetic generator that is capable of producing 7 kilowatts, more than enough for the vast majority of homes?

Unfortunately, Reed never released full schematic designs of his technology. It would be extremely difficult to even attempt to reverse engineer any of his working demonstration models. However, you can still construct your own device because you can obtain a step-by-step instructional guide that will show you exactly how to make a device within just a few days (and not 35 years like Troy Reed).

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Source by Scott Harris

The Problems With The Perendev Magnetic Motor And Its Possible Solution

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This information is provided to give a brief overview and highlight some of the key aspects of the different magnetic motors that have been created by Michael Brady (Perendev Motor), Howard Johnson (HoJo Motor) and Edwin Gray's Electromagnetic Motor. There are various "free energy" devices in existence and some of the exceptional devices functioning as highly efficient magnetic motors have actually been awarded with official patents.

It is definitely not an easy task of acquiring intellectual property rights through patents and this process firstly requires a new invention created by the inventor (s) and also the legal advice of a good intellectual property attorney. Any new device must be replicated with the patent application stating the claim to the new idea and submitted to the patent office. The patent office thoroughly examines and tests the device for a few years and may award a patent if they are convinced. It is important to understand that patents are not awarded for claims without a proof of concept prototype to demonstrate the concept.

There are ways to counter the conditions which are destructive to permanent magnets. The problem of excessive heat can be addresses by cooling the magnet using heat sinking techniques such as aluminium housing for the rotor and stator magnets, or liquid cooling. The main aim is to rapidly transfer the heat from the magnet into a suitable radiator. Excessive shock is easily countered by careful handling and not allowing the magnet to impact with other surfaces such as the floor, metals that are attracted and other magnets. Magnet keepers also help preserve magnets by keeping the magnet's fields mostly within the enclosure, which is necessary for storage and transport of magnetic materials.

Also in the 70's, Edwin Gray was awarded patents for his Electromagnetic Motor which continually spins without depleting the power source that energises the electromagnets and spins the motor. Edwin Gray's motor did require the initial spin to "kick-start" the motor into operation. Edwin Gray also connected his Electromagnetic Motor to an electrical generator and produced an excess amount of useable electricity. Gray's motor is also an excellent candidate for a drive motor in an electric generator set because no fuel is required in its operation. This motor does require an electric source such as a car battery to provide the initial starting power, however the battery is fully recharged once stable operation is achieved.

When considering the long term performance of these three different motors, Howard Johnson's motor and Edwin Gray's motor outperform the Perendev motor built by Mike Brady. It is important to note that Howard Johnson and Edwin Gray patented their magnetic motors in the 1970's and were likely to have been invented quite few years before the patent office received the patent applications. It is also interesting to note that Michael Brady built his motor around 20 years after Howard Johnson's patents were awarded.

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Source by Victor Bull

Six Great Men Of Electricity

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Electrical energy is an accepted fact of life, but little thought is given to the time and effort put in by the scientists of yesteryear who developed the standard we accept today.

Electrical energy has been a subject of experimentation and perseverance for centuries.

While some names have been recognised and given huge amounts of credit for either discoveries or developments, many others have either been ignored or completely forgotten about.

The following names of people have given the modern world such a widely used energy source.

William Gilbert 1544-1603

William Gilbert experimented with iron ore and inherent magnetic properties. Gilbert proposed a theory that the Earth was a giant magnet and that all materials were either ‘electrics’ or ‘non-electrics’. Today we say all materials are either conductors or insulators.

Benjamin Franklin 1697-1790

Benjamin Franklin developed the concept of positive and negative charges. His experiments he used a kite to ‘bleed off’ large electrical charges from clouds in stormy weather. His experiments led to a mechanical device being developed to produce large charges of static electricity.

Aleksandra Volta 1745-1851

Aleksandra Volta developed the concept of current flow and corrected Galvani’s ideas on dynamic electricity. He produced the voltaic cell for continuous current flow.

Andre Ampere 1775-1836

Andre Ampere showed that two parallel conductors carrying a current could attract or repel each other. Another of his creations was introducing the solenoid to the electrical world.

Georg Ohm 1789-1854

Georg Ohm worked on the theory of resistance of conductors and how to calculate values of resistance.

Michael Faraday 1791-1867

Michael Faraday is not the father of electromagnetism as often claimed, but had considerable advanced knowledge of electromagnetism. He discovered the concept of induction, where a conductor in moving through a magnetic field has electricity induced in it.

Everything around us occupies space and has mass. All matter whether it is solid, liquid or gas, is built up of numbers of small and distinct particles called molecules. These particles can be broken down into something like 100 different elementary substances.

By combining these elementary particles in various proportions, all the different materials that we know of can be formed. These are called elements.

Electricity is formed by the flow of electrons through a conductive element such as metal.

Many of the great men of electricity discovered their unique and world changing theories by accident. Through experimentation, they stumbled across patterns that could be measured and later on controlled. This research enabled some of the fantastic devices that we now take for granted, all via electricity.

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Source by Laurence Stanway

How Do Magnets Attract Metallic Objects?

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Magnets produce a magnetic field that affects the orientation of atoms in other nearby matter. It is the aligning of the electrons within an atom that causes a metallic object to be attracted towards a magnet.

Here’s how it works. When you allow a magnet to come close to a metallic object, the electrons within the atoms of that object begins to align to the direction of the magnetic field produced by the magnet. This alignment then causes the metallic object to become magnetized, making it another separate magnet that exerts its own magnetic field. Furthermore, whenever two magnetic fields are close enough, they tend to pull each other towards them, to combine into a single magnet. That is how a magnet attracts a metallic object.

But why does the metallic object lose its magnetic field when pulled away from the magnet? This is because the directions of the electrons in the atoms of the metallic object move randomly until they are interfered with by the external magnetic field. When you pull the magnet away, the electrons return to their original positions, thus dissipating the temporarily produced magnetic field.

To make a temporary magnet out of a screwdriver, you need a magnet. A refrigerator magnet will do just fine. Rub the refrigerator magnet on the metallic part of your screwdriver several times in one direction – remember, in one direction. This is so that you will align the direction of the electrons in the atoms in your screwdriver all the same way. After rubbing the magnet, say, 60 times, viola, you now have a magnetized screwdriver.

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Source by Charlotte Starr

Free Energy Myth – Are Magnet Motors For Real?

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Magnet Motor

The magnet motor is usually regarded as the most suitable supply of “free energy” as it can theoretically power itself. On the flip side, the solar energy power generator and wind energy generators demand an external source of input energy or fuel. We simply cannot get those additional energies continuously as they are directly dependent upon the weather conditions. However, with the magnetic field machine, it can work independently without ever stopping once up and running.

From time to time, people will call this “free energy” magnetic electric motor system, a “perpetual” power machine which suggests motion that carries on continuously, although this has yet to be proven.

Consequently, if true, it might generate limitless amounts of free energy for people. It could certainly energize the whole house because the standard generator can create nearly 7000 watts of electricity!

The magnetic machine operates off of the earth’s naturally produced polarity differential from the magnetic poles to excite the turbine, converting the rotational forces just like a standard generator, to produce the energy. The opposite poles will attract to one another as the similar pole will repel each other. Thus, the motion is continuous without having to get any external source of energy.

Advantages of Free Energy Magnetic Electric Motor

The free energy magnetic system, if practical, may be the answer to help us handle the rise of fuel and electrical power costs. One of the most exclusive benefit is it can work in any conditions regardless of weather conditions and so on. Furthermore, the start up fee for this free energy magnetic machine is incredibly cheap. The types of material needed are very low-priced. It’s compact too. Additionally, the free energy magnetic field electric motor is environmental friendly. Absolutely no pollution can be emitted by this magnet generator system.

Learning to make Free Power Magnet Generator

Yet, the most amazing thing concerning the free energy magnetic field electric motor would be the fact we can build our personal device right at home on our own. All we require is a DIY kit and few supplies as well as a few tools which we should have in the home. So far as I know, there is just one single workable DIY kit available at this time called The HOJO Motor. It is a step-by-step guide that reveals the way to assemble the free energy magnetic field machine at home. The construction procedure is really as easy as ABC even though we may not have any Physics education. We merely need couple of hours to build it up and begin producing unrestricted power at home. Learn more about the DIY Hojo Motor kit and get started today!

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Source by Tom Dorsey

Quiet Discoveries Lead to Fast Sinus Relief

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It’s amazing what you can find when you start your search a little outside the bulls eye. While clicking through Magnetic Resonance Imaging research online, my colleagues and I found some intriguing scientific studies completely by accident!

What did we find? Well, let’s just say if you’ve got a stuffy nose you should try magnets before sniffling through that bottle of nasal spray!

Did you know that every year, more than 35 million Americans suffer from sinusitis? It’s one of the leading chronic diseases in the United States [1]. And it’s no wonder, as bacteria, viruses, cigarette smoke, and allergens like pollen, mold, dust mite feces and pet dander are all common causes of this condition [2]. Unless you live in a bubble, there’s really no escaping these tiny antagonists.

The sinuses are actually four pairs of hollow spaces in the bones of the face. Connected to the nose, air is allowed to flow in and out of these spaces. To help warm and filter the air, each sinus is lined with a mucous-producing membrane, called the mucosa [3].

Acute sinusitis occurs when the mucosa is irritated and inflamed. The small openings from the nose to the sinus cavities become congested (or even completely blocked), causing the facial pain and pressure most of us have experienced at some point in time. Mucus production is often increased as well, adding to the pressure, and causing that annoying runny nose symptom [3].

Many people turn to preventive methods like HEPA air filters, or frequent cleaning of carpets and bed sheets to reduce household allergens [4]. Decongestants, saline nasal sprays, and vaporizers are commonly used to treat the symptoms–but as you and I know, they take time to work.

This is where those studies come in. There’s an interesting, but little known fact about the sinuses: they are magnetically sensitive.

Based on our own research and experiences with clients and health practitioners over the years, we’ve observed that sinus congestion is dramatically improved or completely relieved with the application of magnetic therapy. In fact, taking about 20-30 minutes on average, it’s one of the conditions that biomagnetics alleviates quickest.

Until recently, though, we didn’t have much research to back these findings (other than our own records). But, while sifting through online abstracts from MRI research, I happened to stumble upon this:

Dating back to 1983, a study was conducted to assess the influence of magnetic fields on the physiology and behavior of biological organisms, and to search for possible magnetic sources within the organisms themselves.

It was found that a wide range of life forms could detect and orient to magnetic fields. (Like having a built-in compass.) Results showed magnetic orientation by bacteria was due to the presence of particles of magnetite (ferric/ferrous oxide) within the organisms.

The same magnetic material was also found in bees, homing pigeons, dolphins and other organisms–including humans. More specifically, the researchers found that “the bones of the sphenoid/ethmoid sinus complex of humans are magnetic and contain deposits of ferric iron”. (The sphenoid/ethmoid sinuses are located between the eyes and progress inward towards the back of the head [3].)

Refining our search, we were able to uncover other MRI studies confirming this finding. Here’s a brief timeline of what was found:

1986 – “Magnetic Resonance Imaging [using a 1.5 Tesla (15,000 Gauss) magnet and a spin echo technique] has revealed a remarkably intense signal from abnormal tissue in the human paranasal sinuses. Inflammatory disease in the maxillary, sphenoid, ethmoid, and frontal sinuses has been detected and demonstrated with greater clarity than any other available technique.”

1990 – A study conducted at the UCLA School of Medicine tested conditions affected by MRI field strength. Results illustrated that “magnetic susceptibility artifacts are prevalent on the boundary of air-containing paranasal sinuses”.

1995 – Research at Uppsala University in Sweden discovered that “large, local magnetic field variations up to 3 parts per million were found in the human brain near interfaces between air or bone and brain tissues”.

2002 – An Ohio State University study compared differences in magnetic field susceptibility at tissue interfaces in the human head. “Considerable magnetic field inhomogeneities were observed in the inferior frontal lobes and inferior temporal lobes, particularly near the sphenoid sinus and the temporal bones.”

These four independent studies all relate to the notion that human sinuses are magnetically sensitive. When compared to other regions of the head, more intense magnetic field readings are seen, and conditions of inflammation are more easily observed.

So how does this lead to sinusitis relief?

Magnetic therapy is proven to be effective in reducing inflammation, a primary symptom of sinusitis. By reducing inflammation of the mucosa, mucous blockages can be drained and the sinus cavities reopened. This, allows you to breathe freely again, while eliminating the facial pain caused by pressure build-up.

When applied properly, magnetic therapy products can relieve sinus congestion in as little as 15 minutes. That’s faster than any decongestant or vaporizer, lasts longer than most nasal sprays, and is completely free of any side effects (like dryness or burning). Not to mention, you won’t need to worry about buying refills or possible addiction to certain nasal decongestants.

What Therion products work best to help relieve sinusitis?

The Eye & Sinus Mask is designed specifically for relief of your sinus congestion. Inside it has 28 neodymium magnets covering areas around your eyes, forehead and upper cheeks. (The magnetic field has an effective penetration depth up to 2.5 inches.) You can expect sinus and headache relief within 15-25 minutes of wearing it.

For even faster relief plus more restful sleep, Therion ‘s magnetic dual contour pillow is the perfect choice. The visco elastic (memory) foam is soft and comfortable, but also supportive. You’ll actually feel it adjusting and conforming to the shape of your head and neck. It’s ideal to use as a regular sleeping pillow, as the magnetic field reaches the pineal gland. This is a magnetically sensitive area in the brain that functions to induce sleep by secreting melatonin.

So before you open that box of ‘non-drowsy’ decongestants or reach for the nasal spray on your nightstand, give magnetic therapy a try. If it’s fast acting with no side effects, and never needs a refill, what do you have to lose?

SOURCES:

1 – Sinus News: Sinus Pressure

2 – Sinus News: Sinus Facts Overview

3 – The Sinus Treatment Center

4 – The Allergy Relief Center

1983 — PubMed: Magnetic bones in human sinuses.

1986 — PubMed: High-field magnetic resonance imaging of paranasal sinus inflammatory disease.

1990 — PubMed: Effect of field strength on susceptibility artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging.

1995 — PubMed: Measurements of magnetic field variations in the human brain using a 3D-FT multiple gradient echo technique.

2002 — PubMed: Three-dimensional numerical simulations of susceptibility-induced magnetic field inhomogeneities in the human head.

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Source by Bruce Spiegler

Benefits of Magnet Therapy and Chakra Healing Methods

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It is quite easy to get lost in the innumerable healing techniques that have been developed in the last few years. There are plenty of different methods for staying healthy, thus if you are planning to inform yourself more about those techniques, the chances of getting lost in all those terms is quite high. We have a pill for literally every health problem and pain, and that’s why many people view every alternative remedy with scrutiny and disbelief. However, the Magnet Healing is becoming more and more popular way of healing, along with the Chakra Therapy. There are plenty of benefits attributed to these two therapies, including greater oxygen flow and improved blood circulation. Speaking of such benefits, we cannot but mention the Magnet Treatment and Magnet Rehabilitation.

The Benefits of Chakra Healing

Balancing your chakras is of a big importance, as it improves your wellbeing and health, mentally, physically and emotionally. Chakras are actually light wheels which are located all over the human body. There are literally thousands of them everywhere in your body; however, the location of the seven major chakras is along the spine. The color in which every chakra is represented is actually a rainbow color – violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red. The chakras are considered as psychic muscles, as well as areas of hidden potential understanding and knowledge. If there is chakra imbalance, the condition affects the overall well being. The Chakra Therapy finds the imbalance reason and removes it. There are several methods when it comes to the Chakra Therapy, but regardless of the method used, the healing will offer amazing positive results.

How Can the Magnet Treatment Help Me?

Not so long ago, the Magnet Healing was shunned by the mainstream medicine; it was dismissed as an ineffective method of healing, and what’s worse, it was condemned as quackery. The skeptics said that the benefits were nothing but a placebo effect. However, that is all changed now, as there are more and more studies which claim that the Magnet Treatment really is an effective healing method. It has been proved that it helped with diverse conditions, including arthritis, depression, epilepsy, spinal injuries, wound healing and incontinence, and moreover, the Magnet Treatment is being investigated as an effective treatment for plenty of other conditions, including migraine, cancer and MS. The concept of using magnets as therapeutic devices is not something new. The Magnet Healing is well advanced in China, Japan, India, Germany and Australia, but other countries like Holland, Canada, Great Britain and the U.S. show interest in these healing methods.

The Concept behind the Magnet Rehabilitation

Pain can affect everyone, and unfortunately, some people cannot find the cure in drugs and medications. That’s why more and more people turn to the natural healing techniques, like aroma massage therapy, hypnotherapy, aroma rehabilitation and Magnet Rehabilitation. Placing magnets on an injured area is very beneficial because the magnetic field encourages the oxygen-rich nutrients to surround the injured area. However, everyone should have in mind that babies, pregnant women, and people who wear some kind of an electronic or electrical medical advice, like insulin pump, pacemaker etc. need to avoid using magnets. Before you try a Chakra Therapy or Magnet Treatment, inform yourself about everything, because if the treatment is not used as it should, you will not experience the needed benefits.

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Source by Ken Phoenix